Leadership, Accomplishment and Cultural Celebration

Stand Watie

Valor: Even in the Face of History

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The Civil War stamps were the second in the Classic Collection series. They were designed by stamp artist Mark Hess of Katonah, New York. There are 20 stamps in the pane. They were issued in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, June 29, 1995.

Stand Watie (De-ga-ta-ga)

Cherokee Confederate General

American Indians appear in all major American historical engagements. One of two American Indian brigadier generals to fight in the Civil War, Stand Watie commanded the First Indian Brigade, including cavalry and infantry from the Cherokee, Seminole and Osage, for the Southern Confederacy. He was the last Confederate general to surrender. The other Indian general, the Seneca luminary, Ely S. Parker, penned Ulysses S. Grant’s terms of surrender for General Robert E. Lee at Appomattox.

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General Grant at far right and Lt. Colonel Ely S. Parker (Seneca) seated at left. At Appomattox, Parker wrote the formal copy of Grant's surrender terms for the southern commander. General Lee remarked to Parker, "I am glad to see one real American here." Parker, who would rise to the rank of general, later stated, "I shook his hand and said, 'We are all Americans.'"
Courtesy Library of Congress