Printers on both sides of the conflict created illustrated stationery supporting their cause. These "Patriotic" envelopes often included emblems such as flags and political leaders. Some used illustrations to mock or attack the other side.
Illustrated stationery reveals the strong emotions generated by the Civil War. In the North envelopes bearing patriotic illustrations appeared even before hostilities broke out. Soon after the war began, Southern stationers quickly marketed patriotic envelopes picturing flags, cannons, political leaders, slogans, soldiers, and caricatures, among other war-related themes.